Rollup rules for Bazel

The Rollup rules run the rollup.js bundler with Bazel.


Add the @bazel/rollup npm package to your devDependencies in package.json. (rollup itself should also be included in devDependencies, unless you plan on providing it via a custom target.)

Installing with user-managed dependencies

If you didn’t use the yarn_install or npm_install rule, you’ll have to declare a rule in your root BUILD.bazel file to execute rollup:

# Create a rollup rule to use in rollup_bundle#rollup_bin
# attribute when using user-managed dependencies
    name = "rollup_bin",
    entry_point = "//:node_modules/rollup/bin/rollup",
    # Point bazel to your node_modules to find the entry point
    data = ["//:node_modules"],


The rollup_bundle rule is used to invoke Rollup on some JavaScript inputs. The API docs appear below.

Typical example:

load("@npm//@bazel/rollup:index.bzl", "rollup_bundle")

    name = "bundle",
    srcs = ["dependency.js"],
    entry_point = "input.js",
    config_file = "rollup.config.js",

Note that the command-line options set by Bazel override what appears in the rollup config file. This means that typically a single rollup.config.js can contain settings for your whole repo, and multiple rollup_bundle rules can share the configuration.

Thus, setting options that Bazel controls will have no effect, e.g.

module.exports = {
    output: { file: 'this_is_ignored.js' },

Output types

You must determine ahead of time whether Rollup will write a single file or a directory. Rollup’s CLI has the same behavior, forcing you to pick --output.file or --output.dir.

Writing a directory is used when you have dynamic imports which cause code-splitting, or if you provide multiple entry points. Use the output_dir attribute to specify that you want a directory output.

Each rollup_bundle rule produces only one output by running the rollup CLI a single time. To get multiple output formats, you can wrap the rule with a macro or list comprehension, e.g.

        name = "bundle.%s" % format,
        entry_point = "foo.js",
        format = format,
    for format in [

This will produce one output per requested format.


You can stamp the current version control info into the output by writing some code in your rollup config. See the stamping documentation.

By passing the --stamp option to Bazel, two additional input files will be readable by Rollup.

  1. The variable bazel_version_file will point to bazel-out/volatile-status.txt which contains statuses that change frequently; such changes do not cause a re-build of the rollup_bundle.
  2. The variable bazel_info_file will point to bazel-out/stable-status.txt file which contains statuses that stay the same; any changed values will cause rollup_bundle to rebuild.

Both bazel_version_file and bazel_info_file will be undefined if the build is run without --stamp.

Note that under --stamp, only the bundle is re-built, but not the compilation steps that produced the inputs. This avoids a slow cascading re-build of a whole tree of actions.

To use these files, you write JS code in your rollup.config.js to read from the status files and parse the lines. Each line is a space-separated key/value pair.

// Parse the stamp file produced by Bazel from the version control system
let version = '<unknown>';
if (bazel_info_file) {
  const versionTag = require('fs')
                         .readFileSync(bazel_info_file, {encoding: 'utf-8'})
                         .find(s => s.startsWith('STABLE_GIT_COMMIT'));
  if (versionTag) {
    version = 'v' + versionTag.split(' ')[1].trim();

Debug and Opt builds

When you use --compilation_mode=dbg, Bazel produces a distinct output-tree in bazel-out/[arch]-dbg/bin. Code in your rollup.config.js can look in the environment to detect if a debug build is being performed, and include extra developer information in the bundle that you wouldn’t normally ship to production.

Similarly, --compilation_mode=opt is Bazel’s signal to perform extra optimizations. You could use this value to perform extra production-only optimizations.

For example you could define a constant for enabling Debug:

const DEBUG = process.env['COMPILATION_MODE'] === 'dbg';

and configure Rollup differently when DEBUG is true or false.

Increasing Heap memory for rollup

The rollup_bin attribute allows you to customize the rollup.js program we execute, so you can use nodejs_binary to construct your own.

You can always call bazel query --output=build [default rollup_bin] to see what the default definition looks like, then copy-paste from there to be sure yours matches.

    name = "rollup_more_mem",
    data = ["@npm//rollup:rollup"],
    entry_point = "@npm//:node_modules/rollup/dist/bin/rollup",
    templated_args = [

    rollup_bin = ":rollup_more_mem",



rollup_bundle(name, args, config_file, deps, entry_point, entry_points, format, link_workspace_root,
              node_context_data, output_dir, rollup_bin, rollup_worker_bin, silent, sourcemap, srcs,

Runs the rollup.js CLI under Bazel.



(Name, mandatory): A unique name for this target.


(List of strings): Command line arguments to pass to Rollup. Can be used to override config file settings.

These argument passed on the command line before arguments that are added by the rule. Run bazel with --subcommands to see what Rollup CLI command line was invoked.

See the Rollup CLI docs for a complete list of supported arguments.

Defaults to []


(Label): A rollup.config.js file

Passed to the --config option, see the config doc

If not set, a default basic Rollup config is used.

Defaults to @npm//@bazel/rollup:rollup.config.js


(List of labels): Other libraries that are required by the code, or by the rollup.config.js

Defaults to []


(Label): The bundle’s entry point (e.g. your main.js or app.js or index.js).

This is just a shortcut for the entry_points attribute with a single output chunk named the same as the rule.

For example, these are equivalent:

    name = "bundle",
    entry_point = "index.js",
    name = "bundle",
    entry_points = {
        "index.js": "bundle"

If rollup_bundle is used on a ts_library, the rollup_bundle rule handles selecting the correct outputs from ts_library. In this case, entry_point can be specified as the .ts file and rollup_bundle will handle the mapping to the .mjs output file.

For example:

    name = "foo",
    srcs = [

    name = "bundle",
    deps = [ "foo" ],
    entry_point = "index.ts",

Defaults to None


(Dictionary: Label -> String): The bundle’s entry points (e.g. your main.js or app.js or index.js).

Passed to the --input option in Rollup.

Keys in this dictionary are labels pointing to .js entry point files. Values are the name to be given to the corresponding output chunk.

Either this attribute or entry_point must be specified, but not both.

Defaults to {}


(String): Specifies the format of the generated bundle. One of the following:

  • amd: Asynchronous Module Definition, used with module loaders like RequireJS
  • cjs: CommonJS, suitable for Node and other bundlers
  • esm: Keep the bundle as an ES module file, suitable for other bundlers and inclusion as a <script type=module> tag in modern browsers
  • iife: A self-executing function, suitable for inclusion as a <script> tag. (If you want to create a bundle for your application, you probably want to use this.)
  • umd: Universal Module Definition, works as amd, cjs and iife all in one
  • system: Native format of the SystemJS loader

Defaults to "esm"

(Boolean): Link the workspace root to the bin_dir to support absolute requires like ‘my_wksp/path/to/file’. If source files need to be required then they can be copied to the bin_dir with copy_to_bin.

Defaults to False


(Label): Provides info about the build context, such as stamping.

By default it reads from the bazel command line, such as the --stamp argument. Use this to override values for this target, such as enabling or disabling stamping. You can use the node_context_data rule in @build_bazel_rules_nodejs//internal/node:context.bzl to create a NodeContextInfo. The dependencies of this attribute must provide: NodeContextInfo

Defaults to @build_bazel_rules_nodejs//internal:node_context_data


(Boolean): Whether to produce a directory output.

We will use the --output.dir option in rollup rather than --output.file.

If the program produces multiple chunks, you must specify this attribute. Otherwise, the outputs are assumed to be a single file.

Defaults to False


(Label): Target that executes the rollup binary

Defaults to @npm//rollup/bin:rollup


(Label): Internal use only

Defaults to @npm//@bazel/rollup/bin:rollup-worker


(Boolean): Whether to execute the rollup binary with the –silent flag, defaults to False.

Using –silent can cause rollup to ignore errors/warnings which are only surfaced via logging. Since bazel expects printing nothing on success, setting silent to True is a more Bazel-idiomatic experience, however could cause rollup to drop important warnings.

Defaults to False


(String): Whether to produce sourcemaps.

Passed to the --sourcemap option in Rollup

Defaults to "inline"


(List of labels): Non-entry point JavaScript source files from the workspace.

You must not repeat file(s) passed to entry_point/entry_points.

Defaults to []


(Boolean): Experimental! Use only with caution.

Allows you to enable the Bazel Worker strategy for this library. When enabled, this rule invokes the “rollup_worker_bin” worker aware binary rather than “rollup_bin”.

Defaults to False